What Are the Benefits of HTML5?
Corey D. Martin
Information Technology 103 Section 011
October 4, 2012
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For this paper, the main points of research were ethical, security, social, and legal issues surrounding HTML5. In order to conduct this research, the focus would be upon the benefits of HTML5 and then how each of these sub categories affected the benefits. What was discovered in this paper is that the benefits of HTML5 are vast but because of the vast nature of the technology it is hard to implement it as a whole on the internet. The sources in this paper avoid using bias and only provide the facts about HTML5 in context with the topic of the paper. HTML5 will revolutionize the internet because it provides a completely different web surfing experience to users. Overall, the future of HTML5’s success depends on the developers of web browsers such as Microsoft, Apple, and Google to adopt HTML5 as the default in their browsers.
Currently the World Wide Web is using HTML4 as the main markup language to structure all websites and content. HTML, Hypertext Markup Language, is what all web browsers use to interpret information online. In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created HTML, which was later standardized to HTML4 in 1997. On January 18, 2011, HTML5 was announced and gained immediate attention because of its ability to surpass HTML4, XHTML1, and DOM Level 2 HTML. HTML5 is better than the previous versions because it allows for more creative changes, makes video posting easier, and helps better the language translation online. Once HTML5 is released fully to the public, all aspects of the internet will change and the benefits will be enormous (Wikipedia, HTML5).
Social and Economic Impact
Companies are concerned about HTML5 becoming more available to the public because developers will be able to release information that works only for a specific hardware producer, diminishing the need to produce apps. With HTML5 becoming more available, many app store companies must begin to worry because many developers can release their information without having to produce apps that work only with a specific hardware producer (Clark, 2011, p.1). This means that Microsoft and Apple, and other large manufactures, will lose potential profits from advertisements and startup costs that are associated with creating apps. For this reason, small companies will have a difficult time marketing their products because it will allow them to add more creative aspects to their marketing. In addition with the use of HTML5, developers will no longer need to produce multiple versions of apps that are applicable to iPhone or an Android operating system; there only has to be one version that may be applied to all phone systems. Essentially, HTML5 will make Adobe flash obsolete because a webpage or app creator will be able to produce the same affects without needing to use Adobe. Adobe announced, following this development, that the company would no longer update its flash program on mobile devices, instead it will produce websites that include both flash and HTML5 (Clark, 2011, p. 1).
Not only has HTML5 negatively impacted the production of Adobe flash but, it has already affected the internet browsers. Companies such as Microsoft, Google, Apple, Mozilla, and Opera are making all of their browsers capable of supporting HTML5 because according to Clark (2011), “some 34% of the 100 most popular websites used HTML5” (p.1). As more and more websites change to HTML5, more and more consumers will notice the difference; the websites will differ from the usual template that most HTML4 websites follow. In addition, HTLM5 will allow users to have computer access to games such as Angry Birds and will not be limited to only downloading mobile apps. HTML5 provides consumers an effortless transition between mobile devices and computers.
One of the main ethical dilemmas surrounding HTML5 for browser producers is the decision to update the browsers. Once updated to HTML5, the amount of people who will like the change is unpredictable because there are people who will wait for a forced update and people who are willing to try out the new layout (Grensing-Pophal, 2011, p.10-12). This may cause a slow expansion of HTML5 because it will be up to the consumers to ban together and show webpage developers that they need to make their browsers fully HTML5 accessible. The introduction of HTML5 into the World Wide Web will result in an increase of users accessing different websites and applications because there will be a decrease in device and operating system specific programs. In addition, advertisers will benefit from the introduction of HTML5 because companies will seek advertisements to convey their new, updated programs. Due to HTML5, information is more convenient and accessible to users on the internet (Hammond, 2012, p.12-13, 22).
Legal Issues with HTML5
One primary legal issue that involves HTML5 is that there is no one directly responsible for HTML5. This is applicable to Cloud storage device. In order for users to have a smoother experience using HTML5, users must be able to store information on a Cloud storage device. However, companies that own Clouds have the authority to delete individual user Clouds, resulting in the user with no legal position to take action. Consequently, HTML5 possesses a higher risk because there is no guarantee any of your data will be safe when storing. Cloud is supposed to be a benefit of HTML5, but if any of these issues arise, it is possible that HTML5's reputation will hampered and damaged (Wayner, 2011, p.1).
HTML5 Security Issues
Similar, problems with Cloud is apparent in client-side computing. HTML5 uses client-side computing, the browser has control over all of the code that is being used on the computer and browser. Therefore, users have an easier time installing debuggers for their browser that allow them to change the code on the website. The severity of the problem ranges from relocating a simple Facebook to illegally obtaining money from others. In order to avoid any of this from happening, when using client-based HTML5, a user should not do any large amounts of data collection without running the risk of sabotage. (Wayner, 2011, p.1)
Obstacles for HTML5
One of the biggest obstacles HTML5 is faced with is building up enough support from consumers so that people will want to use it. Consumers may not be willing to make the switch to HTML5 because it will require them to do automatic updates. Some consumers dislike because they want to update when and what they want and will never want anything to be forced upon them. HTML5 is well known but still has not gained much of a market pull. Only currently has HTML5 been making a push for popularity because of its use in apps for popular platforms such as the iPad and iPhone. In time these obstacles will begin to become less significant and HTML5 will become increasingly popular.
After assessing all of the points surrounding HTML5, there are still more positive points for why it should be pursued rather than avoided. HTML5 is beneficial to the consumer and the producer. As more people want to sync mobile phone browsing and computer browsing, the demand for HTML5 will increase until it is adopted as the standard for browsing in general. All of the issues involving Cloud and the easiness to debugging websites will be fixed in order to make sure HTML5 is completely secure and can run simultaneously with any other program. HTML5 is going to continue to exceed HTML4, XHTML 1, and DOM Level 2 HTML to be the main format for browsing. This will allow users to experience a whole new browsing capability unlike anything they have experienced before.
Clark, D. (2011, Nov 11). HTML5: A look behind the technology changing the web. 'Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on October 4, 2012 from http://search.proquest.com/docview/903141638?accountid=14541; http://sfx.wrlc.org/gm??url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&genre=unknown&sid=ProQ:ProQ%3Aabiglobal&atitle=HTML5%3A+A+Look+Behind+the+Technology+Changing+the+Web&title=Wall+Street+Journal&issn=00999660&date=2011-11-11&volume=&issue=&spage=B.1&au=Clark%2C+Don&isbn=&jtitle=Wall+Street+Journal&btitle=
Don Clark has been a writer for the Wall Street Journal since 1993 and currently covers articles that have to deal with any intellectual property issues or technology news. The article was written in November 2011 making it credible because it is still recent enough to provide reliable information. The article may possess limited bias because it is written by the Wall Street Journal but the article will still be credible because the Wall Street Journal is considered a credible source.
Gearing up for HTML5. (2011, Communications Technology, 28 Retrieved on October 4, 2012 from http://search.proquest.com/docview/900569179?accountid=14541; http://sfx.wrlc.org/gm??url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&genre=unknown&sid=ProQ:ProQ%3Atelecomms&atitle=Gearing+Up+For+HTML5&title=Communications+Technology&issn=08842272&date=2011-10-01&volume=28&issue=10&spage=&au=&isbn=&jtitle=Communications+Technology&btitle=
This is a valid source to use for this topic because it was written in October 2011 which makes it recent. The work, Gearing Up for HTML5, was published by Access Intelligence LLC who want to publish works that help educate the public. Lastly, the magazine article was published without a labeled author in order to avoid any criticism that the article was written with bias.
HTML5. (2012, October 3). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 02:28, October 4, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HTML5&oldid=515798360
This source is credible because all of the information is accurate when compared with another source that cannot be edited by anyone on the internet. Although the information was updated in 2011, it still provides good information about HTML5, as well as the history about it too. This source is good to use for background information rather than for any points towards an argument.
Lin Grensing-Pophal. (2011). HTML5: Options and opportunities. 'EContent, 34(2), 10-12. Retrieved on October 4, 2012 from http://search.proquest.com/docview/854996336?accountid=14541; http://sfx.wrlc.org/gm??url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&genre=article&sid=ProQ:ProQ%3Aabiglobal&atitle=HTML5%3A+Options+and+Opportunities&title=EContent&issn=15252531&date=2011-03-01&volume=34&issue=2&spage=10&au=Grensing-Pophal%2C+Lin&isbn=&jtitle=EContent&btitle=
This trade journal article was published in March 2011 which means that the content is still relatively up to date. The other is a freelance writer for many subjects which means any type of bias within the paper can be considered minimal at best. This piece was published by Information Today, Inc in order to inform people the details regarding HTML5.
Wayner, P. (2011). 11 hard truths about HTML5. 'InfoWorld.Com, , n/a. Retrieved on October 4, 2012 from http://search.proquest.com/docview/884949958?accountid=14541; http://sfx.wrlc.org/gm??url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&genre=article&sid=ProQ:ProQ%3Aabitrade&atitle=11+hard+truths+about+HTML5&title=InfoWorld.com&issn=&date=2011-08-15&volume=&issue=&spage=&au=Wayner%2C+Peter&isbn=&jtitle=InfoWorld.com&btitle=
Peter Wayner is a contributing editor for the online website InfoWorld. This article was written in August 2011 making its information relevant to the topic because it is still recent. This article may have bias because it was written and published by people at the website InfoWorld. Even if this is so, the article provides information in regards to HTML5 that presents two arguments, for and against HTML5.