Google (stylized as Google) is a technology company located in the United States that
specializes in Internet-related services and products such as online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, software, and hardware. The company was founded on September 4, 1998 by Stanford University Ph.D. students Larry Page and Sergey Brin after a few months of testing a precursor to Google Search called BackRub.
Since its founding in the late 1990s, Google has seen rapid growth and expansion to other industries beyond Google Search. It offers productivity services and cloud storage (Google Drive), email (Gmail), scheduling and time management (Google Calendar), social networking (Google+), instant messaging and video chat (Hangouts/Allo/Duo), language translation (Google Translate), mapping and turn-by-turn navigation (Google Maps), video sharing (YouTube), note-taking (Google Keep), and photo organizing and editing (Google Photos). Google also leads development of the Android mobile operating system, the Google Chrome web browser, and Chrome OS, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser.
On top of software and services, Google has increasingly moved into the hardware industry; from 2010 to 2015, it partnered with major electronics manufacturers in the production of its Nexus devices. In October 2016, it released multiple hardware products, including the Pixel smartphone, Home smart speaker, Wifi mesh wireless router, and Daydream View virtual reality headset.
The company was first started when Larry Page and Sergey Brin were attending Stanford University. When it was first founded, it was named BackRub. A rather unknown fact is that Google's current name came from a typo. When brainstorming ideas, somebody suggested the name Googloplex, however, they decided to shorten it to Googol. When a domain search was done, the person who looked up the domain accidentally spelt it Google, and the domain was registered before the mistake could be changed.
In 1995, it was incorporated as a private company, and didn't become a public company until 2004. In 2004, Larry Page, Sergey Brin, and Eric Schmidt agreed to work together at Google for 20 years, until 2024. In 2006, they moved their headquarters to Mountain View, California, were it is today.
Since then, Google has experienced a rapid growth, and has created several other successful products. Some of these include Google Chrome, the most popular web browser ever. Android, the most popular mobile operating system ever. Gmail, one of the most popular email services. AdWords, the most popular ad service ever, as well as many other popular services. They have also acquired several other companies, such as YouTube, Motorola, and Blogger. Out of all of these services, Google obtains most of it's profit from AdWords. A complete list of services from Google can be found on List of Google's Services.