|Type||Desktop & Netbook|
A Chromebook is a laptop or netbook that runs Google Chrome OS as its operating system. The devices comprise a distinct class of personal computer falling between a pure cloud client and traditional laptop.
The first devices for sale, by Acer and Samsung, were announced at the Google I/O conference in May 2011, and began shipping on June 15th, 2011. Now there are many devices for sale from many different manufacturers.
Chromebooks are shipped with Chrome OS, which uses the Linux kernel, and the Google Chrome web browser with several other features developed specifically for the OS. With limited offline capability and a boot time, according to Google, of eight seconds, Chromebooks are primarily designed to be used while connected to the Internet. Instead of installing traditional applications such as word processing and instant messaging, users add web apps from the Chrome Web Store. Google claims that a multi-layer security architecture eliminates the need for anti-virus software.
Support for many USB devices such as cameras, mice, external keyboards and flash drives is included, utilizing a feature similar to plug-and-play on other operating systems. Chromebooks have a specialized keyboard complete with buttons for opening and controlling multiple browser windows, as well as a Web search button, which replaces the caps lock key.
Google has also put a large amount of effort into making the operating system more functional when not connected to the internet. As part of this effort, Google Drive has been largely integrated into the operating system. The service allows for document editing when offline, and then uploads it back to Google Drive as soon as the device is connected to the internet again. Additionally, Google has made it possible for developers to add offline functionality to their applications. Overall, the operating system is far more functional without an internet connection than it was when first released.
Google developed the first Chromebook, the Cr-48, as a prototype machine. The first commercial Chromebooks were produced by Samsung and Acer. Since then, both companies have updated their models. HP and Google have also made their own Chromebooks, as well. A complete list of chromebooks can found at List of devices running Chrome OS.
|Manufacturer||Model||Available||Processor||RAM||Disk space||Screen size||Base price|
|Cr-48||December 2010||1.66 GHz single-core Intel Atom N455||2 GB||16 GB SSD||12.1"||Not for retail sale|
|Samsung||Series 5||June 2011||1.66 GHz dual-core Intel Atom N570||2 GB||16 GB SSD|| US$349.99 Wi-Fi|
|Acer||AC700||July 2011||1.66 GHz dual-core Intel Atom N570||2 GB||16 GB SSD|| US$299.99 Wi-Fi|
|Samsung||Series 5 550||May 2012||1.3GHz dual-core Intel Celeron 867||4 GB||16 GB SSD|| US$449.99 Wi-Fi|
|Acer||C7||November 2012||1.1 GHz Intel Celeron 847
1.5 GHz Intel Celeron 1007U
|2-4 GB DDR3||320 GB HDD 16 GB SSD||11.6"||US$199.99|
|Samsung||Series 3||2GB||11.6"||US $249|
In June 2010, ISYS Technologies, based in Salt Lake City, sued Google in a Utah district court, claiming rights to the name "Chromium", and, by default, Chromebook and Chromebox. The suit sought to stop Google and its hardware and marketing partners from selling Chromebooks.